Patho Pharm 2 Course Page
Below are the topics, handouts, and notes for Pathophysiology and Pharmacology I. If you click on the title of a topic, you will be taken to the lecture files (mp3) for that topic. Alternatively, you may download the lectures as a zip file or subscribe as a podcast.
|Patho Pharm 2 Lectures:||Podcast Feed||Subscribe with iTunes||Download as Zip File (447 MB)|
The podcasts in this section are reviews for the final exam. This section is also a place to put the syllabus and other class handouts.
- The So you think you’re good test is a minimum expectation of what you should know and be able to analyze after taking Patho Pharm 1 and 2. If you can consistently score 100% on it, the rest of nursing school will be a breeze. If you struggle with it you will struggle with the rest of nursing school.
- Herbals do not appear on any podcast but will be on the Final Exam.
- Quiz 1 – Diabetes and Endocrine
- Quiz 2 – Renal and Musculoskeletal
- Quiz 3 – Cardiovascular
- Quiz4 – Neuro, Genetics, HIV
- Quiz5 – GI, Cancer
- 10-Herbal Supplement Handout.doc
- so you think youre good2.doc
Final Exam Lectures
- Title 3
- Test 4
This is a Q&A of drugs from Patho Pharm 1. It was recorded by a student, so the sound quality is not very good. I cleaned it up and amplified the voices, but there’s still a lot of background noise. Review of the So You Think You’re Good test. This is a minimum expected competency. I expect that you can do this cold, in your sleep. So get cracking.
Areas of weakness in the past:
- You need to read up on ischemic (stress) ulcers, also called Curling Ulcers: causes and prevention
- Barrett’s esophagus
- Interpretation of IgG and IgM
- Lactulose plus ______
- Chronic vs Acute Pancreatitis
- Encephalopathy prevention vs treatment
- Bilirubin interpretation
- Phenergan adverse effects. Which is more important, something that almost everyone gets that can cause accidents, or something very rare that although permanent, is just a nuisance?
- Clindamycin induced diarrhea? What could be the cause of that? What would be used to treat it?
- Diarrhea, when to treat orally vs aggressive therapy
- Small Bowel obstructions
- Most common laxative post op
- Diagnostic test for Mg containing laxatives
- Conservative vs aggressive therapy for diverticulitis
- I did not know that THC causes multiple personality d/o
- Bone scan. We went over this one for Test 2. It’s a nuclear medicine test that detects bone metabolism. Hot spots are indicative of cancer. Cold spots of necrosis.
- Myeloma produces large amounts of antibodies, which are protein. So what lab value would high?
- Calcium Carbonate adverse effects: constipation
- Why are patients with no ulcers or GERD given H2 blockers or PPIs in the hospital?
- ANC interpretation
- E coli symptoms
- Someone calls in about diarrhea, and you tell them what to do without asking about what the stool looks like?
- How does AZT work
Review peripheral nervous system
Big CNS disorders: Alzheimer’s, Epilepsy, Parkinson’s
Psych Drugs: Antidepressants, Anxiolytics, Hypnotics, Antipsychotics
Miscellaneous nervous disorders
- Neuro Intro Lecture
- Psychotropics Lectures
- Neuro Disorders Lectures
DNA and Protein synthesis
Simple Mendelian genetics, polygenic inheritance, Multifactorial inheritance
Common genetic disorders
- Genetics Lectures
- Additional Genetics Resources
Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS
There is an updated lecture on VoiceThread.
- HIV Lecture
Diabetes is a BIG topic. It’s actually several diseases, all characterized by high blood sugar. You have to know the acute and chronic results of high blood sugar, plus the intricacies of the two major forms of the disease (which are nothing alike) AND the treatments and drugs.
- Diabetes Patho
- Diabetes Pharmacology
Diabetes 1: Basic definitions and glucose physiology. Hormones: insulin, glucagon. Types and causes of Diabetes: Type I, Type II, Gestational, Cushing’s Diabetes 2: Insulin Resistance. Symptoms and pathophysiology of hyperglycemia. Ketoacidosis: KEY Items: Bicarb low, Potassium is low (because of the urine issue) (I say it wrong on the audio), ketouria, kussmaul breathing, fruity breath Diabetes 3: Macrovascular complications. Diagnosing diabetes: update HgbA1C is now an option for screening and diagnosis. Dawn Phenomenon vs Somogyi effect (patho and treatment). Acute Hyperglycemia. Type I diabetes. Diabetes 4: Type I continued. Type II diabetes. Metabolic Syndrome. Incretin and Amylin. Diabetes 5: Type II diabetes continued. Treatment approaches.
Endocrine disorders and treatments
Main two are hyper/hypothyroid
And hyper/hypo Cortisol (Cushing’s/Addision’s)
- Endocrine Lectures
And arthritis (no notes or podcasts for arthritis)
Renal and Diuretics
Fluid and Renal physiology
- Renal Lectures
This is the biggest unit this semester and extremely important. For those of you who don’t deserve to be nurses, you’ll get a chance to redeem yourself (hint, the answer is aspirin). This unit builds heavily on last semester and renal. Review the peripheral nervous system, inflammation, and anticoagulants/antiplatelets. You will also need to memorize the CK-MB and Troponin lab values. The unit is broken up into:
- Blood pressure
- Arterial and venous diseases
- Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction
- Dysrhythmias and Heart Failure
- Blood Pressure and Treatment Lectures
- Vascular Diseases
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Cholesterol and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
- Heart Failure
- Cardiovascular Review
Falls into three main areas:
Upper GI (Esophagus, Stomach, Duodenum)
Lower GI (Colon)
Accessory GI (Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas)
- Upper GI Lectures
- Lower GI Lectures
- IBD Lectures
- Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas Lectures
Cellular Adaptations and Neoplasms
Pathogenesis and Manifestations of Cancer
Basic Chemotherapy principles
- Cancer Lectures
- Additional Cancer Resources
- Interview with a woman with breast cancer who opted for naturopathic therapy. Includes discussion of limitations of “scientific” cancer approaches as well as specifics on some naturopathic therapies.
- Documentary on Hoxsey Cancer Treatment: How Healing Becomes a Crime
- Interview a survival instructor who talks about what it is like for a tough guy to get cancer undergo hormonal treatment. Skip to minute 47 for the cancer part.